What are Nutrition and Health Claims
The European Union (EU) was engaged with the issue many decades ago (already before 2000). At the international level, guidelines for health claims have been established in the Codex Alimentarius since 1991 and for nutrition claims since 1997. Thus, the EU In order to ensure a high level of consumer protection in its “territory”, it grouped all these statements and named them “Nutrition Claims” and “Health Claims”, issuing the relevant REGULATION (EC) NO. 1924/2006, the which is to date the basic European legislation governing the regime of use of these claims.
More specific, what is a Nutrition Claim?
A Nutrition Claim is any claim that states, implies or leads to the conclusion that the food has special beneficial nutritional properties due to its caloric value and / or nutrients or other substances and in detail: due to the energy (caloric value) that (i) either provides, (ii) either provides at a reduced or increased rate, or (iii) either does not provide, in combination or separately due to the nutrients and other substances that i) either contains ii) or contains a reduced or increased percentage, or iii) does not contain e.g. “High in fiber”, “fat free”, “low in sugar”, “reduced energy”
More specific, what is a Health Claim?
A Health Claim is any claim that states, implies or leads to the conclusion that there is a positive relationship between a category of food, food or its ingredient and human health. e.g. “Olive oil polyphenols contribute to the protection of blood lipids from oxidative stress in the context of a varied and balanced diet”, European Regulation 432/2012 (L 136 / 25.5.2012 p. 26. This health claim can only be used for olive oil containing at least 250mg of polyphenols per 1 kg of olive oil and the recommended dose is at least 20 grams of olive oil per day